ARC: CONCEPT WORK
Instance: Philology

OED

INSTANCE

eagerness, anxiety, solicitation, a judicial process, a new argument rebutting the reply to a former argument, formerly also an instant of time, < Latin instāntia (1) a being present, presence, (2) urgency, earnestness in supplication, (3) a pleading or process in a court of justice (Ulpian), (4) in med. Schol. Latin an objection to a general statement, an instance to the contrary, transl. Greekἔνστασις (Buridan, c1350, In Metaphysicen Aristotelis Quæstiones: see Prantl): < instānt-eminstant adj.

Liddell & Scott

ἔν-στᾰσις, εως, ἡ, (ἐνίσταμαι) origin, beginning, τῶν ὅλων πραγμάτων Aeschin.2.20; τοῦ πολέμου Plb.4.62.3; πραγμάτων Ph.2.75; institution of legal proceedings, τὴν ὅλην ἔ. τοῦ ἀγῶνοςAeschin.1.132.

2 ἔ. βίου a way of life, D.L.6.103, cf. Jul.Or.6.201a.

3 institution of an heir, Cod.Just.1.2.25 Intr., PMasp.151.274 (vi A. D.); inheritance, ib.312.55 (vi A. D.).

II in Medic., lodgement, λίθων Aret.CD2.3.

2 impaction, obstruction, ὄγκων Asclep. ap. Gal.10.101, Herod.Med. ap. Orib.5.30.5, etc.: generally, interference, ὀνύχων Iamb.Protr.21.ιθ’.

III in Logic, objection to an argument, ἔ. πρότασις προτάσει ἐναντία Arist.APr.69a37, cf. Top.157a35, Rh.1402a31, Hermog.Inv.3.6, etc.

2 generally, opposition, Plb.6.17.8 (pl.), Ph.2.60.

3 prosecution, ἐν μολποῖς SIG 633.66 (Milet., ii B. C.).

4 χαλεπὴ ἔ. difficult situation, IG12(5).509.4 (Seriphos, iii/ii B. C.). (ἐνίστημι) winding up an engine, Ph.Bel.61.21, 57.41 (nisi leg. ἔντασις). impact, interference of an object of vision,Placit.4.13.2, Plot.4.5.2.